Polycystic kidney disease is also known as PKD is a genetic disease. This means that it is caused by the variations or genetic character present in your genes. In PKD there are cystic formations in the kidney. When these cysts grow in number and/or size these make the kidney grow more than normal which in turn starts to damage the tissues present inside the kidney, it very often causes chronic kidney disease. These chronic kidney diseases can cause renal failures or end-stage renal failure. We at LifeCare Hospital provide the best kidney specialists in Gorakhpur.
Polycystic kidney disease is of two broad types:
Autosomal dominant PKD
It causes cysts only in adult kidney, it is known as “adult PKD”. People with this type of PKD will not notice any symptom present until they reach the age of 30 – 40. It is the common type of PKD; every 9 out of 10 people with PKD have autosomal dominant PKD.
Autosomal recessive PKD
it can grow in both, a kidney and a liver. It is often called infantile PKD as babies can show signs of PKD in the first few months of their life, or even before they are born. It is very less common and can often be life-threatening for the infant.